Carbon Fiber consists of 95% of the carbon atoms and this fibrous durable material is a product of modern technology. Acrylic Orlon is the raw material of carbon fiber and it is produced with a mixture of nylon and tar. The carbon atoms are bonded together in microscopic crystals that are more or less aligned parallel to the long axis of the fiber. The crystal alignment makes the fiber incredibly strong for its size. Several thousand carbon fibers are twisted together to form a yarn, which may be used by itself or woven into a fabric. Carbon fibers are usually combined with other materials to form a composite.
Thus, the strongest carbon fibers are much more thinner than the human hair, ten times stronger than steel and eight times that of aluminum, not to mention much lighter than both materials, 5 and 1.5 times, respectively. Additionally, their fatigue properties are superior to all known metallic structures, and they are one of the most corrosion-resistant materials available, when coupled with the proper resins.
Carbon Fiber Characteristics
- High mechanical strength
- Low density 1.8 g / cm ³
- Good thermal conductivity, 20 W / M ˟ K (standard module)
- High-tensile-tensile strength, Lift Module, 220-240 GPa, tensile strength; 3450-4850 MPa
- Low fiber diameter, 5-8 mM
- Electrical resistivity of 1650 μΩ
- Elongation at break,% 1.6 to 2.2
- Long shelf life
- Corrosion resistance, not affected from inorganics, acids and bases